Conveyor idlers, as crucial components within material handling and conveying systems, have evolved from their initial simple designs comprising bearing steel pipes to intricate assemblies with over 30 components. They have found widespread application across various bulk material transport sectors such as coal mining, sand and gravel industries, and production facilities.
In their early stages, conveyor idlers exhibited a limited service life of approximately 2,000 to 3,000 hours due to inadequate sealing performance. Particularly in harsh environments characterized by high dust and humidity levels, their service life was even shorter. However, through decades of relentless refinement and optimization, the service life of conveyor idlers has been substantially extended. Certain manufacturers assert that their conveyor idlers can achieve up to 24,000 hours of service life. Is this assertion genuinely substantiated?
Let's delve into several factors influencing the service life of conveyor idlers:
1.Components significantly impact the service life of conveyor idlers. During the design and manufacturing of conveyor idlers, the utilization of high-quality components is paramount. For instance, superior sealed bearings and mature labyrinth sealing systems can effectively shield the idler from adverse operational environments, guaranteeing its service life. Presently, fully sealed bearings like the ZZ and 2RZ series have been laboratory-tested and demonstrated lifespans of roughly 60,000 hours. Therefore, in theory, conveyor idlers could potentially achieve a service life of 24,000 hours.
2.Raw materials: The use of high-quality steel pipes, shafts, and bearing housings is pivotal for supporting transported materials and safeguarding bearings and sealing systems. Frequently, Q235 steel pipes and 45# steel shafts are employed, both of which possess adequate strength to uphold the structure and attain the 26,000-hour operational threshold. The bearing housing, often overlooked, is another crucial component. Inadequate concentricity in the bearing housing can lead to pronounced radial runout in the conveyor idler, particularly for idlers exceeding 500mm in length. This can result in heightened vibration and reduced service life. Consequently, most bearing housings now incorporate cast iron bearing housings to ensure concentricity.
3.Production processes also exert an influence on the service life of conveyor idlers. Contemporary conveyor idler manufacturing typically employs advanced CNC machining and automated production lines for tasks such as steel pipe cutting, bearing housing and pipe body welding, and component press-fitting. These processes ensure precision and consistency in the final product. Conversely, rudimentary or manual manufacturing processes can substantially impact the idler's precision. Additionally, scientific material selection and heat treatment processes can enhance the idler's abrasion resistance and corrosion resistance, enabling it to operate in challenging environments over prolonged periods.
4.Proper selection of conveyor idler models in accordance with actual conveying conditions and capacities is of paramount importance. Parameters such as idler and shaft diameter, pipe thickness, and bearing type must be chosen judiciously. Inadequate model selection can lead to extended operation under high pressure, substantially diminishing the service life.
5.Accurate assembly and maintenance are also critical for ensuring sustained operation of conveyor idlers over extended durations. Factors like the rationality of conveyor line design, centerline accuracy, and idler set spacing all impact the idler's service life. The functionality of self-cleaning systems on the conveyor line, such as belt cleaners and self-clean idlers, is also pivotal.
Considering the aforementioned factors, conveyor idlers can potentially achieve a service life of 26,000 hours. However, several aspects need to be taken into consideration. Firstly, the reliability of life data provided by manufacturers should be assessed, based on scientific experimentation and extensive practical testing. Secondly, the working environment and conditions of the conveyor idler significantly influence its service life. Different operational environments can yield varying impacts on the idler's lifespan. Lastly, regular maintenance and upkeep directly affect the idler's service life. Routine maintenance can extend the service life of conveyor idlers.
Contact: Export Department
Phone: +86 15097752737
Tel: +86 0312 5308005
Company: Baoding Zhuoli Machinery Co.,Ltd
Add: 3934 Tower3,Weilaishi building,Xiongan New Area.Baoding city,China